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5

יקבי

יהודה

The Judean Terroir

The most well-known expression of the world of wine is

the French term “terroir”, pointing at the area and growing

conditions of the grapes and referring to all environmental

factorswhichmayaffectthequalityofthegrapesfromwhich

the wines are crafted. Terroir may include the vineyard’s

microclimate, inclusive of day and night temperatures,

natural precipitation, humidity, winds, altitude; topography

- situation of the vineyard relating to the sun, declination,

proximity to bodies of water; the ground and soil itself

- composition, drainage; the surrounding flora, etc. To

this should of course be added the method in which the

vineyard has been trellised by the grower and the growing

techniques applied.

It is for a good reason that the Judean region is considered

at the forefront in terms of wine grape cultivation. In this

area, there exists an outstanding combination of conditions

regarding soil, climate and topography, which together

enable ideal conditions for nurturing. Furthermore, the

region enjoys a surprising diversity of micro climates, soil

and stone, which create unique quality habitats, especially

upon the mountain ridge and foothills.

The soil of the mountain ridge (rising to heights of 500 to

1,000 meters above sea level), consists mostly of nautical

sediment rocks, mainly Lime, Dolomite and Chalk, covered

essentially with Terra Rossa and Rendzina soil. The foothills

(altitudes between 200 to 500 meters) are composed

mainly of Lime and Marlstone rocks, with deep valleys, and

a soil cover similar to those of the ridges.

TheJudeanareaischaracterizedbyaMediterraneanclimate

which is very much suited for growing wine grapes. Upon

the mountain ridge, the distance from the sea, combined

with height, topography and wind flow, enable a growing

season possessing temperature ranges that succeed in

slowing down the ripening process and assist in preserving

the acidity in the grapes, a requirement for the production

of quality wine. Lowwinter temperatures and adequate rain

provide the vineyards with a suitable basis leading up to the

growing season. The vines are planted on slopes carrying

multiple terraces, built on top of the extensions and ridges.

In the foothills, the climate is influencedbothby thedistance

from the sea and the location beneath the mountains.

During summer and transition seasons, despite the relative

heat, humidity percentages in the foothills are low and the

daily temperature fluctuations are relatively high, easing

the heat load and enabling the grapes much required

ventilation, especially due to the cool flows gliding down

from the mountains during mornings, and the afternoon

breeze coming up through the valleys from the sea. Here,

the vineyards are planted along the river beds, or upon the

extensions.

The multiple soil variations and their quality, alongside the

complex shape of the surface, enable the growers to pick

adequate plots for vineyards, possessing unique quality

terroir, and allow the cultivation of diverse high quality red

and white varietals.

The Judean Wine Region -

Excellence Achieves Recognition

From the latter part of the nineties of the twentieth century,

the Mateh Yehuda Regional Council, overlooking most of

the Judeanwine growing area, has been in cooperationwith

the local wineries in order to promote the regional wine

industry and tourism. Resulting from this cooperation was

born the regional “Yehuda (Judea) Wineries Club” which for

over 20 years maintains a regional wine festival - the first of

Certification

Trade Mark of

the Yeuda(judea)

Wineries Club